Intended especially for foreign companies considering investing in Québec, Taxation in Québec: Favourable Measures to Foster Investment provides an overview of the principal tax measures that apply to companies operating in Québec.

In addition to very attractive tax measures, Québec has given Investissement Québec specific tools that enable it to act as a financial partner to businesses. Although this brochure focuses on tax issues, Québec provides businesses with a range of financial solutions that complement those offered by financial institutions. These solutions may include conventional loans, loan guarantees, non-refundable contributions or equity interests.

Further information about these financial products can be obtained from Investissement Québec at 1 844 474-6367 or by logging on to


The information in this brochure was up to date as at May 1, 2017, and does not reflect any modifications that might have been announced subsequent to that date. Monetary amounts are expressed in Canadian dollars.

This brochure is for information purposes only. It does not substitute for legislation, regulations or orders adopted by the Québec government.

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Your SME has experienced considerable growth in recent years. It’s ready to expand by making an acquisition beyond Quebec’s borders.

Your analyses indicate that this is the most beneficial and least risky option. Provided, of course, that the price is right. However, this is not the only consideration. During the analysis, ask yourself whether the target business:

  • Has a solid management team.
  • Sells high potential products or services.
  • Operates in a market with strong growth opportunities.
  • Would provide synergies that will add value to your business and be beneficial for all stakeholders.

Note that it’s usually more advantageous to acquire a business that is less profitable than yours since there will be a higher potential to grow its earnings based on the transaction cost.

Team work

Here are a few considerations for a successful transaction:

  • Make sure you have a competent team you can rely on, with experience in cross-border acquisitions and the market where you want to set up. You will likely have to call on the support of financial, tax, legal, environmental and other specialists.
  • Involve various managers (production, human resources, etc.) in the acquisition project right from the start and in preparing the integration plan.
  • Prepare the integration very carefully and apply it diligently. Integration should not take more than two years, otherwise, you won’t reap the benefits of the expected synergies.
  • However, be flexible in the integration plan. Adapt it to the circumstances and review certain actions as necessary.
  • Send head office staff to the new location to oversee the integration process. They will also ensure that the new employees adopt your corporate culture and rules.
  • Don’t underestimate the cost of integrating the other company: it is often more than you’d expect.

The human side, a key component

The human component is particularly important when acquiring a business outside Quebec. Your ability to have the new employees engage fully into your company’s growth is essential to your project’s success. You need to:

  • Be aware of cultural factors (language, values, customs, etc.) that may be quite different from those in Quebec.
  • Give the acquiree’s managers a lot of autonomy. They know how it works, its business environment, local laws and regulations, etc.
  • Let them know their contribution is key to your success. Give them the opportunity to rise up the ladder within the group, by giving them international responsibilities, for example.
  • Invite some managers to your head office so that they can get a better understanding of your culture, work methods, etc.
  • Keep an open mind and take the time to analyze their way of doing things. Who knows? You might find that some of their practices are better than yours and should be adopted across the board.

There are several factors at play for a successful international expansion. Don’t hesitate to contact us. We are available to help with planning and carrying out your project.

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The Grant Thornton International IFRS team has published Get ready for IFRS 17: A fundamental change to the reporting for insurance contracts. IFRS 17 Insurance contracts extensively rewrites the rulebook for insurance reporting. IFRS 17 is effective for annual accounting periods starting on or after January 1, 2021. It supersedes IFRS 4 Insurance contracts as revised in 2016 and marks the conclusion of the IASB’s twenty-year long insurance project.

IFRS 4 was designed to be an interim standard and therefore allowed entities issuing insurance contracts to carry on accounting for them using policies that had been developed under their previous local accounting standards. This meant that companies continued to use a multitude of different approaches for accounting for insurance contracts, making it difficult to compare and contrasts the financial performance of otherwise similar companies. IFRS 17 solves the comparison problems created by IFRS 4 by requiring all insurance contracts to be accounted for in a consistent manner.

This publication is designed to get you ready for the standard. It explains the key features of the standard and provides insights into their application and impact.

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For several years now, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has been engaged in a vigorous campaign against international tax fraud and failure to declare bank accounts outside the U.S., including Canada.

As a U.S. citizen or tax resident (including green card holders) residing in Canada, what are your U.S. tax obligations and what solutions are available to you? To answer your questions, we have called upon the contribution of tax experts from the Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton network.

Q: What are the income tax compliance requirements for U.S. citizens living in Canada?

A: U.S. citizens and resident aliens residing outside the United States are required to annually file a U.S. income tax return and declare worldwide income to the IRS, insofar as this income is equal to or greater than the personal exclusion amount and the applicable basic deduction.

Q: In addition to filing a tax return, are there any other requirements to meet?

A: In addition to filing an income tax return annually, U.S. citizens and resident aliens are required to file form FinCEN 114 (Report of Foreign Bank Accounts) to disclose their interest in certain financial accounts held outside the U.S., if such interest exceeds US $10,000 at any given time during the year.

Furthermore, U.S. citizens and tax residents must also report certain information to the URS on their registered education saving plans, tax-free savings account, foreign trusts, and may need to file form if they hold an interest in a foreign corporation.

Q: What are the applicable penalties if these requirements are not met?

A: U.S. citizens and tax residents who have not or have only partially met their tax obligations become exposed to significant penalties and the risk of legal proceedings. For example, if you omit to file a U.S. income tax return, the IRS can tax you up to 25% of the amount due.

Additionally, if you omit to file the FinCEN 114 report without a valid reason, you may be subject to a civil penalty up to $10,000 per unintentional violation. For intentional violations, penalties may amount to the higher of $100,000 and 50% of the value of the foreign account.

Q: What can I do to adjust my situation?

A: To encourage taxpayers to take action and adjust their tax file, the IRS introduced a voluntary disclosure program in September 2012. This program, named Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures for Taxpayers Outside the U.S., applies to U.S. taxpayers residing outside the U.S. who have omitted to file income tax returns or information forms, as well to those who omitted to declare certain income.

The disclosure consists in performing all of the following:

  • Filing income tax returns (including all information forms) for the last three years;
  • Filing the FinCEN 114 bank account reports for the last six years;
  • Paying taxes due plus interest (all penalties are withdrawn under this program).

We can help lighten your burden!

The rules surrounding tax obligations for U.S. citizens and resident aliens are numerous and complex. If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien and have not met your tax reporting or other obligations with the U.S. tax authorities, consult a Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton specialist who will help you find the best solution for your situation.

Do you have questions relating to U.S. tax issues? The tax experts of Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton can help you!