Section 3 – Education
Deductions and Credits
Tuition fees for students enrolled on a full- or part-time post-secondary1 basis in Canada and, in certain instances, outside Canada2 , and occupational skills courses that are not at a post-secondary school level are eligible for a non-refundable tax credit of 15%, provided they total more than $100 per establishment for federal purposes3. In Quebec, the $100 threshold applies to total expenses and the credit rate amounts to 8%4.
Tuition fees include entrance fees, use of library or laboratory facilities, issuance of a certificate or diploma and related expenses charged to all students, other than payments to a student association.
Examination fees required to obtain a professional status, certification or licence allowing the individual to practice a profession or trade within Canada are eligible for the credit.
1 Or in a professional school if the student is at least 16 years of age.
2 A student must be enrolled in a post-secondary program of study outside of Canada for a minimum of three consecutive weeks. No minimum duration is provided for a program of study being followed in an establishment in Canada.
3 No credit in Ontario and New Brunswick.
4 A transitional rule applies for certain tuition fees incurred before March 28, 2013 that are carried forward to a subsequent year.
A taxpayer may claim a non-refundable tax credit on interest paid in the year on a student loan granted under a federal or provincial program. In Ontario and New Brunswick, this credit also applies to interest paid on Canadian loans to apprentices.
Before renegotiating a student loan, remember that you cannot claim a credit for interest paid on any loan other than a loan granted under a federal or provincial program nor on a student loan merged with another type of loan.
Students must first claim the tuition tax credit and the interest tax credit on any student loans in their own tax returns. They can then carry over the unused portion of those credits or transfer them as follows:
|Carryover period||Transfer to parent or grandparent of the student and his/her spouse||Transfer to spouse|
Maximum of $5,000 in total
Maximum of $5,000 in total
|Interest on student loan||5 years7||Indefinitely||No|
To maximize the transfer of tax credits, reduce your net income as a student by maximizing the permitted deductions, such as the moving expense deductions and transfer only the amount that will be deducted by your parent.
5 It is still possible to carry forward the balances for unused education and textbook tax credits for an unlimited time despite the elimination of these credits since 2017.
6 Possible under spouse transfer mechanism for non-refundable tax credits (see Section II).
7 Also applies in Ontario and New Brunswick.
A person supporting a student under 18 years old can claim a non-refundable tax credit in respect of the student if the student is enrolled in vocational training or post-secondary studies. The 2018 credit equals 15% of $2,884 per semester up to a maximum of two semesters per year and is reduced by the income earned by the student, excluding scholarships. To be entitled to it, the taxpayer must support the student who must also ordinarily live with him/her during the year. The dependent student can be the child, grandchild, brother, sister, nephew or niece of the supporting person or of his/her spouse.
Adult Child – Transfer Mechanism for the Recognized Parental Contribution
A full-time adult student in a recognized establishment can transfer the unused portion of his/her basic tax credit for 2018 up to $10,306 ($7,422 if only one semester is completed in the year) to his/her father or mother, or allocate it between the two. There is a $2,124 supplement for single-parent families who have no minor children. The transferable amount is reduced by the child’s income, excluding scholarships.
Expenses incurred for moving from one place to another in Canada or elsewhere to be at least 40 kilometres closer to an educational institution where the student will attend full-time post-secondary courses are deductible. These expenses are only deductible from amounts included in income from taxable scholarships, fellowships, bursaries and research grants. For Quebec purposes, they can only be deducted from research grants. Undeducted moving expenses can be carried forward to the following year.
Moving expenses incurred to change residence in connection with a job, including a summer job, are deductible if the conditions described in Section V are satisfied. However, the deduction may not exceed net employment income.
Keep your receipts for moving expenses (travel by plane or otherwise, meals, temporary lodging) to claim a deduction for such expenses or use the simplified method.
See Section II.
This document has been updated on August 31st, 2018 and reflects the state of the Law, including draft amendments, at that date.