Section 4 – Health, Seniors and Caregivers
Registered Disability Savings Plan
The RDSP is generally comparable to the RESP (see Section III) and is intended to encourage saving for the long-term financial security of a person eligible for the disability tax credit. An RDSP may be set up by the disabled person, one of his/her parents or his/her legal representative.24 Once it has been set up, anyone can contribute to it up to a lifetime maximum of $200,000 per beneficiary. There is no annual limit. Contributions may be made until the end of the year the beneficiary attains 59 years of age.
24 Under, a temporary measure expiring on December 31, 2023, a parent, spouse or common-law spouse may set up a plan for an adult whose ability to contract is in doubt.
RDSP contributions are eligible for the CDSG, up to the following amounts:
|Maximum CDSG federal contribution
(cumulative maximum of $70,000 per beneficiary)
|Family income thresholds25||Up to $93,208||Greater than $93,208|
|300% of first $500 contributed||$1,500||—|
|200% of next $1,000 contributed||$2,000||—|
|100% of amount contributed||—||$1,000|
|Maximum total grant per year||$3,500||$1,000|
The CDSB is also available to individuals whose family net income is relatively low. The CDSB is paid into the RDSP of a beneficiary regardless of the amount contributed in the year, up to the following amounts:
|“Maximum CDSB federal contribution
(cumulative maximum of $20,000 per beneficiary)”
|Family income thresholds25||Up to $30,450||From $30,451 to $46,605||Greater than $46,605|
|Annual amount of CDSB||$1,000||$1,000 amount prorated||Nil|
CDSGs and CDSBs may be paid into a RDSP until the end of the year the beneficiary attains 49 years of age. CDSG and CDSB entitlements that are unused since the coming into force of the RDSP in 2008, may be carried forward ten years, subject to certain prescribed limitations.
25 These thresholds, indexed annually, are those used to establish the rights for 2018, considering the income declared in 2016. The net family income of the parents (or tutors) is considered until the beneficiary attains 19 years of age, following which time the relevant income is the income of the beneficiary and his/her spouse even if the beneficiary still lives with his/her parents.
Payments from an RDSP must start before the end of the year the beneficiary attains 60 years of age. The annual payments are subject to a limit based on the life expectancy of the beneficiary and the FMV of the property held in the plan. However, the beneficiary, or his/her legal representative, may make withdrawals for certain purposes and in amounts specified in the plan.
The contributions are not deductible for tax purposes and are not taxable when withdrawn. The investment income and the capital gains realized in the plan and the grants and bonds that have been put into the plan are taxable in the hands of the beneficiary when he/she withdraws them.
The grants and bonds must be repaid to the government if they were put into the RDSP during the 10 years preceding a payment from the plan or the end of the plan. Therefore, $3 of the CDSG or CDSB received over the preceding 10 years must be repaid for each dollar withdrawn from the plan. This rule is more flexible with regards to beneficiaries with a reduced life expectancy. Furthermore, the total CDSG and CDSB amount received by the plan during the preceding 10 years must also be repaid when an RDSP ends.
Refunded amounts that were previously included in the beneficiary’s taxable income are tax-deductible.
When the beneficiary of an RDSP ceases to be eligible for the disability tax credit or dies, the funds in the RDSP are generally paid to the beneficiary or his/her estate. The amount received, net of the contributions and any repayments, has to be included in the taxable income of the beneficiary for the year the amount is received or for the year of death.
This document has been updated on August 31st, 2018 and reflects the state of the Law, including draft amendments, at that date.