Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton has published the 2020 French version of IFRS Example Consolidated Financial Statements 2020, a publication by Grant Thornton International IFRS team entitled États financiers consolidés types conformes aux IFRS – 2020 (hereinafter the “Example consolidated financial statements”).

The IFRS Example consolidated financial statements 2020 have been updated to reflect changes in IFRS that are effective for the year ending December 31, 2020. No account has been taken of any new developments published after September 30, 2020.

In addition, given that the global COVID-19 pandemic has impacted virtually every reporting entity that exists, the 2020 version comments on information that might be relevant to disclose around the COVID-19 in the financial statements.

The Example consolidated financial statements are based on the activities and results of the illustrative corporation and its subsidiaries – a fictional consulting, service and retail entity – which have been preparing IFRS financial statements for several years. The form and content of IFRS financial statements depend on the activities and transactions of each reporting entity.

The Grant Thornton International IFRS team’s objective in preparing the Example consolidated financial statements is to illustrate one possible approach to financial reporting by an entity engaging in transactions that are typical across a range of non-specialist sectors. However, as with any example, this illustration does not consider every possible transaction and, therefore, cannot be regarded as comprehensive.

Management, as defined by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), is ultimately responsible for the fair presentation of financial statements and, therefore, may find other more appropriate approaches for its specific circumstances.

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The COVID-19 global pandemic has resulted in economic consequences that many reporting entities may not have had to previously consider. One of those consequences is the ability to repay loans.

In response, some lenders have agreed to changing the borrowing terms or providing waivers, or modifications to debt covenant arrangements. Any changes to the terms of loan agreements, for example providing any kind of payment holidays on either principal or interest or changing interest rates, should be carefully assessed.

The publication COVID-19 Accounting considerations for CFOs: Debt Modifications discusses the impact of these changes and the accounting of a debt modification, depending on whether or not a debt modification is substantial.

Download the publication below.

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Canadian businesses that carry people or goods to the United States are subject to various tax obligations.

Carriers are subject to both U.S. federal and state tax rules. Note that tax obligations vary greatly from state to state, and in some states, simply transiting through a state may trigger a state tax obligation.

Federal requirements

Under the Canada-U.S. tax treaty, a Canadian carrier is not subject to U.S. federal tax provided it does not have a permanent establishment in the U.S. and is only involved in international transportation (Canada to the U.S. and U.S. to Canada).

However, the carrier must file the required form to invoke the tax treaty and a non-resident tax return with the U.S. tax authorities. These documents must be submitted within five and a half months of the fiscal year-end. In the absence of this return, the Canadian carrier would be taxable at the U.S. federal level.

Generally, carriers must also file an information return with the federal government and pay the annual highway use tax. This tax is based on the number and weight of heavy vehicles on U.S. highways. The required return covers the period from July 1st to June 30th. The return and payment must be submitted by August 31st of the year to which they apply.

Each state has its own rules

To be subject to U.S. state taxes, a business must have a sufficient presence or Nexus in a state. For example, having an office or inventory on consignment in a state will generally trigger Nexus.

Each state has its own definition of Nexus. For a Canadian carrier, Nexus could be triggered by one or more of the following criteria:

  • Annual total number of pick-ups and deliveries in a state;
  • Annual total number of trips in the state;
  • Annual total kilometrage travelled in a state.

Several states are party to the Canada-U.S. tax treaty. In these states, a Canadian carrier does not have to pay state income tax (if it does not maintain a permanent establishment there). On the other hand, it could be subject to another form of taxation, such as a minimum tax based on sales or a capital tax.

It should be noted that major states such as New York, Pennsylvania and California are not party to the tax treaty.

The company must file an annual tax return in each state where it has Nexus (whether or not the state is party to the tax treaty), within three and a half months of the fiscal year-end (two and a half months if the year-end is June 30th).

To determine its state tax obligations, a Quebec carrier usually relies on its internal pick-up and delivery reports, as well as on its quarterly fuel tax returns submitted to the Quebec government. These returns determine the kilometrage travelled in each territory: Canadian provinces/territories and U.S. states.

U.S. taxation is complex, and there are several tax implications that must be considered in the case of cross-border transportation activities with that country. Do you have questions or need advice? Contact our international tax experts.

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Whether you are an employee, a self-employed individual or a professional, you are required to keep a record of your expenses when using an automobile during the course of your professional activities. To assist you, we have developed l’Auto-route to help you record the necessary information.

Whether you are an employee, a self-employed individual or a professional, you are required to keep a record of your expenses when using an automobile during the course of your professional activities. While this may be a tedious and unpleasant activity, it is essential.

We invite you to download l’Auto-route. This Excel file will allow you to enter your personal data for automatic compilation. Click on this link to download l’Auto-route (Excel File)

Should you require more information on the tax impact of using an automobile during the course of your income-generating activities. You will find below, among others, a summary of rules related to the calculation of taxable benefits, deductions for automobile expenses and travel allowances, refunds or employer advances.

We can help take you farther!

Please note that l’Auto-route is only available online.