Section 11 – Deceased Persons
RRSP and RRIF
The deceased is deemed to have received the FMV of all property held in an RRSP or RRIF at the date of death. However, no amount is included in the deceased’s income if the designated beneficiary or heir is an eligible beneficiary and certain conditions are met. An eligible beneficiary who acquires rights in an RRSP or an RRIF under such circumstances has several options for deferring the income tax on those amounts.
The following table summarizes the rules:
|RRSP/RRIF at death6|
|Heir/Beneficiary7||Amount taxable at death||Transferable to:|
|Child or grandchild financially dependent7 because of an infirmity||Nil||Yes||Yes|
|Child or grandchild financially dependent7 not because of an infirmity||Nil||No||Yes9|
Income earned in an RRSP or an RRIF after the date of death does not have to be included in the deceased’s income.
6 Certain terms and conditions may apply. 7 A child (grandchild) is considered to be a beneficiary if he/she lives with the annuitant and his/her net income for the preceding year is less than the basic personal amount or the increased amount in the case of a child with an disability ($12,069 and $20,485 respectively in 2019 for those deceased in 2020). Over these thresholds, dependence has to be proven. 8 The beneficiary must be 71 years of age or under at the time of the transfer. 9 The annuity may provide for payments for a period of not more than 18 years, less the age of the child or grandchild when the annuity is purchased. Annuity payments must start no later than one year after the purchase.
Home Buyers’ Plan and Lifelong Learning Plan
Amounts that have not been repaid in connection with the HBP or the Lifelong Learning Plan must be included in the final income tax return of the deceased. Tax elections are available to transfer the responsibility for these repayments to the surviving spouse.
Decreases in Value of RRSP and RRIF Investments
If certain conditions are met, losses in the value of investments held in an RRSP or an RRIF that occur after the death of the annuitant and before the final distribution of the investments to the beneficiaries may be deducted in the tax return of the deceased person.
Transfer from an RRSP or RRIF to an RDSP
It is possible to transfer funds held in an RRSP or an RRIF at the time of death to an RDSP of a child or grandchild who was financially dependent on the deceased because of a mental or physical disability10. However, the amount transferred must not exceed the beneficiary’s RDSP contribution room and is not eligible for the CDSG and CDSB (see Section IV).
10 Child whose income for the previous year does not exceed a certain threshold ($20,485 for 2019 for the purposes of transfers made in 2020). If the child’s income exceeds that threshold, financial dependence has to be demonstrated.
The TFSA tax consequences upon death of a TFSA holder vary depending on several factors. Generally, the TFSA ceases to be tax exempt as of the death of its holder. However, it is possible, under certain circumstances, to transfer the TFSA to a spouse without affecting the spouse’s contribution room.
The RDSP is generally terminated upon the death of its beneficiary. The amounts accumulated in the plan, once the CDSB and CDSG have been reimbursed (see Section IV), are taxable under the estate.
This document is up to date as of September 3, 2020 and reflects the status of legislation, including proposed amendments at this date.